HoMe PaGe

Formation of traditional life style in the period of artisans

The development of the craft belongs to the mandatory stage of familiarization with the national culture and traditions of Japan. This feature is due to the fact that the traditional life style in the modern sense was formed precisely in the period of development of medieval artisans. Such a phenomenon of continuity of cultural traditions became possible thanks to the patriarchal foundations and commitment to national cultural traditions.

Historians link the era of Jomon with the release of the first pottery. By the Heian epoch, 6 kilns for drying and firing or rock were built, which produced products with pronounced regional features. However, product samples of these eras are rather limited and for the most part are represented by works of artisans of the Muromachi era. The development of construction technology or syinzukuri and the development of the production of lacquered products or negoronuri and kamakurabori occurred in parallel with the release of clay products. A distinctive feature of this era is a significant increase in production volumes and a high level of product distribution.

The next stage of development continued the trend of growth in production in the Muromachi era due to the popularization of the tea ceremony. The heyday of the production of textile and pottery historians refer to the Edo era. Samples of the products of this era set national standards for creativity and formed a variety of products. The next stage in the development of the craft was a drop in the demand for handicrafts in connection with the introduction of synthetic materials and the use of machinery. Therefore, the further development of the craft was in a competitive environment and was characterized by the release of unique masterpieces of craftsmen and products of daily demand with the preservation of national cultural traditions and standards of creativity.

The traditional craft classification is made by product and includes ceramics, bamboo, wood, leather, metal, weaving, dyeing, papermaking, sculpture, painting and calligraphy.

Ceramic products

These products are most common and include Okinawan tsuboyyaki, aganoyaki, karatsuyaki and takatoriyaki on technology potters in Kyushu. Saga Prefecture popularized the Aritayaks, Fukuoka Prefecture - Futakawaki and Koisiwarayaki, Oita Prefecture - Ontayaki.

The Sikok tobeyaki of the Ehime prefecture and the bizenyaki from the Chugoku region are in incredible demand. The Kinki region is characterized by the release of Ketoyaki, Tambayaki, Igayaki and Cigarakiyaki, the Chubu region is Minoyaki and Setoyaki, the Kanto Region is Masikoyaki and Imadoyaki.

Bamboo and wood products

The most famous lacquered boxes, inlaid with gold, with Okinawa. Fukuoka Prefecture is famous for Hakata dolls, and Shikoku Island is famous for its lacquered products and wiki mikambari. Also popular are willow baskets or yanagigori from Sanin, ship chests or funada from Niigata, wajima and wakas, or lacquered items from Ishikawa and Fukui.

Textile

Incredibly popular are bingata and bass or Okinawan fabrics, sakiori or woven strips from Hokuriku, habouet silk and silk crepe or tijimi from Niigata.

The modern demand for craft products allows craftsmen to improve technology and craftsmanship to create unique and original everyday objects and create art objects in the conditions of the population’s need for household items in the traditional standards of creativity.

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